At its formation, the United Kingdom inherited the literary traditions of England, Scotland and Wales, including the earliest existing native literature written in the Celtic languages, Old English literature and more recent English literature including the works of Geoffrey Chaucer, William Shakespeare and John Milton. Devised in 1988, the Hay Festival is an annual literature festival held in Hay-on-Wye in Wales for ten days from May to June. Tolkien, Jane Austen, Philip Pullman, Douglas Adams and J. From its formation in 1707, the United Kingdom has had a vibrant tradition of theatre, much of it inherited from England and Scotland.
The early 18th century is known as the Augustan Age of English literature. Important British poets of the 20th century include Rudyard Kipling, W. In 2003 the BBC carried out a UK survey entitled The Big Read in order to find the "nation's best-loved novel" of all time, with works by English novelists J. The West End is the main theatre district in the UK.
The Cornish language enjoys neither official recognition nor promotion by the state in Cornwall.
Under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages, the UK Government has committed to the promotion of certain linguistic traditions.
The UK has been described as a "cultural superpower", The Industrial Revolution, which started in the UK, had a profound effect on the socio-economic and cultural conditions of the world.
As a result of the British Empire, significant British influence can be observed in the language, law, culture and institutions of a geographically wide assortment of countries, including Australia, Canada, India, the Republic of Ireland, New Zealand, Nigeria, Pakistan, South Africa, Sri Lanka, the United States and English speaking Caribbean nations.
The wider culture of Europe has also influenced British culture, and Humanism, Protestantism and representative democracy developed from broader Western culture.Notable Scouse speakers include John Lennon and Paul Mc Cartney of The Beatles, while Mancunians include Liam and Noel Gallagher from Oasis.Audrey Hepburn as Eliza Doolittle on the set of the 1964 movie musical My Fair Lady.These states are sometimes collectively known as the Anglosphere, and are among Britain's closest allies.Individual countries within the UK have frameworks for the promotion of their indigenous languages.