Police have themselves been implicated in online surveillance and, at times, in directly threatening and physically attacking journalists.In some cases, police have arbitrarily arrested, intimidated, or harassed journalists, such as John Ngirachu.While national security can be a basis for limiting free expression under internationally-accepted principles, governments must use the least restrictive means possible in prohibiting such speech and the national security interests should be legitimate.Obstructing access to information regarding mismanagement of state funds, for example, is not a legitimate basis to restrict free expression.Based on four months of research and interviews with journalists, editors, bloggers, human rights activists, and government officials throughout Kenya by Human Rights Watch and ARTICLE 19 Eastern Africa (“ARTICLE 19”) ndash; the regional office that monitors and documents violations of freedom of expression – this report documents abuses by government officials and agents and other actors against journalists and bloggers in the run-up to the 2017 general election.It highlights the government’s failure to fulfill its constitutional and international human rights obligations to protect freedom of expression and media freedoms.Since Bib Me™ makes it easy to create citations, build bibliographies and acknowledge other people’s work, there is no excuse to plagiarize.Don’t be a thief—save your grade, use Bib Me™ and give credit to those who deserve it!
For free, fair, and credible elections to take place, the government should protect freedom of expression and work to ensure that no government or security official seeks to silence journalists or arbitrarily obstruct their access to information.
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Using other people’s research or ideas without giving them due credit is plagiarism.
As the election nears, An independent media is crucial for Kenya’s ability to hold free and fair elections.
But rather than protecting free expression and media rights – guaranteed by Kenya’s Constitution and international human rights law – Kenyan officials have responded to critical press coverage with harassment, threats, criminal charges, withholding of advertising revenue and even violence against journalists and media outlets.